The morning was pitch black. The time read 4 AM. The plan was to pile in the car and make the drive from Daytona Beach all the way across the state of Florida to the Gulf side coast.
As a scuba diver, ocean lover and marine biologist, I am obsessed with underwater critters – and – will go to phenomenal lengths to get in the water with them. That’s why, it should come as no surprise, that I planned an extensive adventure far from our accommodations, just to go snorkeling in Crystal River with some big beautiful manatees.
At over 1000 lbs (455 kg) and measuring up to 13 feet (4 meters) long, manatees are marine mammals from the order Sirenia, which include dugongs and the extinct Stellers sea cows.
These slow-moving vegetarians, which are close relatives to elephants, live their entire lives in the water, moving from marshy coastal waters to the open sea. Their habitat, depending on the species, ranges from the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico to the Amazon Basin and West Africa.
There are three species of manatees worldwide; the Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis), the West African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis) and the West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus). All manatee species are considered vulnerable to extinction by the World Conservation Union.
Interesting Fact: It documented that manatee (and their dugong relatives) were once mistaken by sailors for mermaids. There are also rumors that these human-sized creatures, gave rise to the legend of these mythical sirens.
The US state of Florida is known for many things, but it is perhaps best known for its seasonal residents – the West Indian manatee.
The West Indian manatee is the largest of the three manatee species and has been on the endangered species list since the 1970s.
This marine mammal can adapt to living in fresh, brackish and saline water. Due to body composition and lack of thick insulating fat, in Florida’s winter months, the West Indian manatees leave the colder 68-degree ocean waters seeking refuge inland, in freshwater springs, to survive and stay warm.
Nowhere else in the world will you find more manatees in the winter months than in Florida.
Maybe it’s the surplus of inland springs giving off consistent 72-degree water temperatures or maybe its the many power plants which also heat surrounding water. Whatever the case most scientists agree that because the manatee is limited in their ability to thermoregulate, they often depend on external heat sources for warmth.
The sunshine state has a handful of coastal and inland places where these gentle herbivores are known to frequent, the two most popular spots being Blue Spring State Park and Crystal River.
Crystal River is a small town of about 3,055 residents, north of Tampa and west of Orlando. On top of having a multitude of freshwater springs which converge and dump into the ocean, it is the only place in the United States where you can legally swim with manatees.
There are approximately 70 springs in the 2.5 square kilometers of the Kings Bay/Crystal River area. Every day 908 million liters of freshwater are produced and flow westward eventually discharging into the Gulf of Mexico. As the temperature cools down, in the winter and spring, an estimated 600 manatees make use of this regions consistent springwater to stay warm.
To say a manatee is huge is not an overstatement. Weighing around 1000 lbs (455 kg), which to put things into perspective is about seven times my size, these animals are positively beastly.
At 7 AM, after filling out liability forms, getting fitted for wetsuits and listening to the manatee rules and regulations briefing, we boarded a houseboat and headed off into the maze of waterways that make up Crystal River.
The moment had arrived to dust off one of Joey and my snorkeling ambitions – swimming with manatees!
While no one can accurately predict where the manatees will be found, most tour shops have a relatively good idea of where the best spot is to see them will be. And with that in mind, when it came time to head out on the river, our captain informed us that we would be making our way, by water, towards Three Sisters Spring.
Three Sisters is a freshwater spring system in the Crystal River National Wildlife Refuge. It is made up of three small lobed inlets; Pretty Sister, Deep Sister, and Little Sister. Three Sisters located on the east side of Kings Bay and provides visitors with the opportunity to view manatees while swimming, paddling, canoeing and walking along the boardwalk.
Getting to Three Sisters from our tour outfitter was a bit of a process. On top of the standard 20-minute boat trip, the high tide from the Gulf made it impossible for our boat to fit beneath the only bridge leading to the spring. And believe me when I say we tried – to the point that I was worried our covered houseboat would become a convertible.
Because of the temporary tidal impasse, we bided our time looking in other parts of Crystal River for manatees, to no avail.
About halfway through the tour, we returned for another try at passing under the bridge that would bring us to Three Sisters Spring. Thankfully the tide had receded enough that we could fit beneath it.
Once clear of the metal frame it was full speed ahead into manatee territory.
The closer we got to Three Sister Spring the more excited I became. As we puttered along the river, I kept my eye on the lookout for ripples, splashed and other disturbances at the surface of the water which could indicate the presence of a manatee.
And then it happened!
Quicker than an Olympic sprinter, we caught the tail end of a white/gray blob flying through the water. Our first manatee sighting. It was there, and then it was gone, bulleting through the water into the spring.
It was in that moment I realized that for such a large porky animal – these modern-day mermaids can sure move!
Without further delay, the captain anchored the boat in the shallows while we prepared our already cold bodies to get in the even colder spring water.
Even with a wetsuit on, I was mighty chilly – and I wasn’t alone. I could see Joey cringing as he floated in the river gearing up to follow our in-water guide up the spring.
When I first put my face in the river, I could see that the water was murky, to the point that I lost sight of the snorkelers several body lengths in front of me. But as we neared the spring and battled the soft flow of the current, everything cleared, showing like in an aquarium.
We passed through the narrow river mouth leading into Three Sisters.
Underwater – it was a soft sandy and rocky bottom. On the surface – it was dense green trees and plants hanging like garland all over the place. The surroundings made me feel like I was on a lazy river ride deep in the jungle.
Further along Joey and I drifted, alternating between the deeper and shallower section of the spring. Some parts were so shallow I could stand on the bottom. Others I could barely scrape the bottom with my big toe.
Up ahead I heard shouting from our guide and knew it could only be one thing – a manatee.
As I waited patiently at the surface, its big old body came drifting by me, so close you could almost reach out and touch it, but I didn’t of course. I just watched and waited to see what it would do.
Unphased and unafraid by my presence, the manatee hung in the water column almost as if it were floating-in-space. Meer feet in front of it, I let myself float, suspended in this watery medium savoring this magical encounter.
As I watched this gentle creature move up and down in the water column as it needed to breathe, I could help but take in its elephant-like skin coated in patches of brown-green algae. That and, it’s utterly adorable hairy whiskers that seemed to cover every inch of its snout.
After spending more than our fair share of time with this face-to-face encounter, Joey and I left the lone manatee and swam further up the canal.
We knew we had arrived in the heart of Three Sister Spring when we hit the manatee motherload. First I thought they were rocks on the bottom, but then, as one moved and came up to breath beside me, I quickly realized that we were surrounded by dozens of them, all sleeping.
Big ones, small ones, mom’s and babies, there were even a few tagged manatees sleeping away the morning. It was an open invitation for muffled “oh my” gurgling through my snorkel.
Joey and I had just enough time to carefully swim around these giant blimps on the river bottom before our in-water guide herded us back out of the spring and towards the boat. All too soon our tour was over, and it was time to head home!
Snorkeling with manatees should be on your bucket list PERIOD.
As scuba divers, Joey and I have been privileged to witness some of the most wondrous things hidden from the rest of the world below the surface of the water. Snorkeling in Crystal River certainly ranks high on that list.
Meeting a manatee in the wild is a unique and life-changing experience. Watching such a giant animal slide so effortlessly underwater with no fear of people holds your attention to no end, and hearing their squeaks and whistles almost makes you feel like they are talking to your soul.
Would we recommend our outfitter?
I wasn’t necessarily over the moon with excitement with Crystal River Watersports. They were polite, professional and eventually found us manatee’s, but that is about the just of it. At the end of the day, after the boat ride to the location and problems getting under the bridge, we spend a grand total of 30 minutes in the water with manatees on our half day tour – indeed NOT what I was expecting.
With manatee tours being a dime a dozen in the Crystal River region, we would recommend trying your luck with an alternate tour provider. Hopefully, with them, you will get a better in-water experience swimming with the closest thing we have on this planet to mermaids!
Snorkeling with manatees in Citrus County Florida has a wide price range per person.
Depending on the outfitter, snorkeling length (1-3 hours), location (Crystal River or Homosassa) and the number of people you want on your tour, the cost varies from USD 55$ to USD 100$ a person. Most manatee snorkeling tours typically include all necessary equipment (mask, snorkel, and wetsuit) as well as hot beverages between snorkel sites and on the boat ride home.
Peak manatee season in Florida is during the winter months from December to April because the ocean water cools down below 17°C and the manatees seek refuge in the warmer inland springs. Also, it is recommended to try and get out snorkeling in the morning when the manatees are most active and before the sun has a chance to heat the river water and the manatees leave the springs.
Swimming with manatees is a life-changing experience. However, there are specific rules and regulations put in place for the snorkelers safety as well as the manatees (because they are, after all, an endangered and highly protected species). Most certified tour operators will give you a briefing on what is expected before you get on the boat and head out on the water. (i.e., no touching, harassing, making noise, pursuing, entering manatee refuge zones…)
Another key point worth mentioning is that tour operators do not provide fins with snorkeling gear. Not having fins prevents manatees from getting kicked and otherwise disturbed by an unsuspecting in water tourist.
Citrus County is the manatee capital of the world, and as such you will find no shortage of operators to take you snorkeling with manatees. We used Crystal River Watersports and to be perfectly honest they got us swimming with manatees, but I wasn’t too partial to their services. Here is a list of the different manatee snorkeling operators in the Crystal River region:
Our experience in the water with manatees was so incredible we’d love to do it again. Do you have any manatee tour operators that you would recommend in Florida? Let us know below.
As one of the sunshine states top shore diving destinations, Blue Heron Bridge offers some of the best diving in Florida. Mud, beaches, wrecks and small critters, no matter where you dive under the bridge, there is so much to see, explore and photograph.
Sitting pretty right next to the gulf stream, Jupiter is known as one of Florida's best shark diving location. Drift along in the current as you enjoy an up-close encounter with the ocean's apex predators.
Dark, ancient and mysterious are a few words that can be used to describe the Devil's Den cavern in Florida. Find out what it was like to visit this world-class tourist destination and dive this prehistoric spring system.
Florida may be known for its ocean coast, but this southern state is also home to some of the best spring and cave systems in the country.
The tropical oasis of Key Largo is a scuba diver's delight. Night dive, reef dives, and wreck dives are all right at your fingertips ready to be explored.
The crystal clear water of Ginnie and Devil’s spring systems is arguably some of the best freshwater diving in all of Florida. As a scuba diver heading to the sunshine state, make sure to put this spot on your travel itinerary!
Offering topside beauty and underwater magic, escape to Florida's freshwater springs and snorkel with one of the most majestic marine mammals on the planet.
When in the Florida Keys, make sure to take the time to learn all about man’s quest to explore under the sea at the History of Diving Museum.
Filled with more than 350 images from National Geographic, 100 Dives of a Lifetime provides the ultimate bucket list for ardent scuba divers and aspirational travelers alike.
Reef Safe SPF 30 sunscreen for protection against broad-spectrum UVA and UVB.Water-resistant for 80 minutes of swimming or activity. It contains our potent antioxidant blend of Green Tea, Tulsi, Wakame and Olive Leaf.
GoPro dual battery charger conveniently charges two HERO6 Black, HERO5 Black, or HERO camera batteries simultaneously
An elegant lead-free wine glass with a shark figurine anchored inside. The perfect gift for wine and shark lovers everywhere.
Compact underwater scuba diving hand reel with a 150ft of white line on the spool
Dive hands-free with a diving flashlight glove. This torch holder has a universal adjustable wrist strap scuba and is made of superior nylon material, which means it’s durable and comfortable to wear.
Suunto SK-8 wrist compass with bungee straps, faster stabilization, and enhanced readability
If you’re not quite ready for the expense of big lights, this little video light goes perfectly with any GoPro setup
SHOOT 6″ Underwater Dome Port for GoPro Hero 6/Hero 5/Hero(2018) Black Camera Diving Lens Hood Housing Photography with Waterproof Case Accessories
Scuba diving 4ft neon yellow surface marker signal tube with “Diver Below” print
This new second edition of The Great Lakes Diving Guide is the most comprehensive guide ever written about exploring Great Lakes shipwrecks.
Ikelite compact ball arm for quick release handle
Ikelite aluminum digital camera tray with dual handles
Sigma MC-11 mount converter lens adapter (Sigma EF-Mount lens to sony E cameras). Essential photo kit contains Altura photo rapid-fire wrist strap, small lens pouch, cleaning kit, and microfiber lens cleaning cloth.
Suunto Vyper Novo wrist scuba diving computer with USB
Black scuba diving turtle fins
The Cuticate floating dry box is a waterproof sports container perfect to fit money, ID, cards, keys and more. The case is small, portable, compact, and comes with a lanyard clip hook to take with you as you scuba dive.
The Sony SEL90M28G FE 90 mm f/2.8-22 Macro G OSS Standard-Prime Lens for E (NEX) Cameras.
Canon EF 70-200mm f/4.0 L USM Telephoto Zoom Lens
Mini blue scuba diving tank key ring with brass pick tool and o-rings
Bare SB System Mens Full Under-layer
GoPro HERO6 Black Camera
Reusable scuba diver tea infuser for use on loose teas. Easy to fill, empty clean and dishwasher safe. Tea infuser comes with a silicone raft drip tray.
Sigma 17-50mm f/2.8 EX DC OS HSM FLD Large Aperture Standard Zoom Lens for Canon Digital DSLR Camera + 32GB Memory Card + Photo4Less Cleaning Cloth.
Dry glove lock system that accommodates all hand sizes
Capture amazingly smooth shake-free video with the GoPro Karma Grip
The dive guide Bonaire is a comprehensive dive guide for use by divers and snorkelers at all skill levels. It describes more than 100 dive sites along with underwater maps and stunning photographs. This all-inclusive dive guide is your handbook for endless diving and snorkeling enjoyment.
With marine biologist Dr. Alexander Mustard as your guide, you can learn all you need to know to explore the amazing creatures and landscapes that exist underwater.
Bare 7mm thick elastek dry suit hood
Bare drysuit trek boots designed for rocky shore entries, boat decks, and boat ladders
3PC curved armband glow in the dark slate.
Black Mares Dragon Scuba Diving BCD
Aveeno zinc oxide mineral sunscreen with SPF 50. An environmentally-friendly sunscreen that is oil-free, fragrance-free, hypoallergenic and water-resistant.
13-inch inflatable dive buoy with a 12 by 11-inch scuba diving flag surface marker
Bare Sports 5mm men’s wetsuit made with elastek full-stretch nylon-2 and neoprene celliant liner infrared technology.
Bare 5mm evoke women’s full suit designed by Bare’s all-female design team. The suit has technically, innovative celliant infrared technology which increase circulation, body warmth and performance.
Rechargeable Ikelite NiMH battery pack compatible with Ikelite’s DS125, DS160, and DS161 strobes.
Ikelite Canon EOS 100D Rebel SL1 underwater camera housing in white
Black Mares Cruise Roller Tauchen bag, perfect for scuba diving and traveling
Bare drysuit drawstring scuba gear bag the perfect alternative for transporting a dry suit to-and-from the dive site
Ikelite TTL dual flash sync cord attaches two strobe’s to the underwater camera housing.
Compact scuba diving finger spool with 150ft of white line and a 4-inch brass double-ended clip
Diving lens filter kit for GoPro HERO 5/6 which enhances colors for underwater video and photography conditions
Capture amazingly smooth GoPro footage in the air with the GoPro Karma Drone
Sony Alpha a6500 24MP mirrorless camera with a 16-50mm lens, able to shoot 4K movies.
DUI heavy duty dry suit gloves with yellow liners available in sizes: S, M, L, XL
The Hydra 5000 WSRU is an all in one photo and dive light with wide, spot, red, and UV modes
Canon Macro Lens EF-S 60mm f/2.8 USM – non Image Stabilised
Ikelite underwater macro lens casing is comprised of an acetyl body with glass front and can hold lenses of 4.37 diameter x 3 inches (111 x 76 mm)
AmazonBasics 60-Inch Lightweight Tripod and Bag with adjustable-height legs and rubber feet
The waterproof scuba diving egg helps keep valuables dry while in the water. The egg is suitable for storing sunglasses, car keys, money and etc.
The inside diameter is 2.07″ and the inside length is 5.04″.
Ikelite photography strobe DS161 with NiMH rechargeable battery pack
Flexible Lightweight Portable Tripod for Projector DSLR Cameras and Go Pro